Ideally, each district is supposed to have a hospital, which should have all the services offered at a health centre IV, plus specialised clinics – such as those for mental health and dentistry – and consultant physicians. Soroti’s district hospital, in Soroti town, is also a regional referral hospital. It caters for the Teso and Karamoja regions, meaning it gets cases referred from other district hospitals.
At the top of the healthcare chain is the national referral hospital, located at Mulago in the capital Kampala. This is where some of the best medical brains can be found, often working part-time at private clinics to supplement their meagre government salaries.